Rules & Scoring

WRESTLING POINT SYSTEM

The object of the sport of wrestling is to put your opponent on his back – to pin your opponent.
A pin (or fall) is when you put your opponent on his/her back with any part of both shoulders or both shoulder blades of your opponent in contact with the mat for two seconds. When you pin your opponent, the match is over and you are the winner.
If nobody gets pinned, the winner is the wrestler who has scored the most points during the match.

There are five ways to score points in a wrestling match:
1) Takedown – (2 points) You score two points for taking your opponent down to the mat and controlling him/her.

2) Escape – (1 point) You score one point for getting away or getting to a neutral position when your opponent has you down on the mat.

3) Reversal – (2 points) You score two points when your opponent has you down on the mat and you come from underneath and gain control of your opponent.

4) Near Fall (Back Points) – (2 or 3 points) You get near fall points when you almost but not quite get your opponent pinned. A near fall (near pin) is when…
both shoulders are held for two seconds within four inches of the mat, or…
one shoulder touches the mat and the other shoulder is at a 45 degree angle coming down to the mat, or…
the wrestler is held in a high bridge or back on both elbows.
If a near fall lasts for two seconds, you get 2 points. If a near fall lasts for 5 seconds, you get 3 points.

5) Penalty Points – (1 or 2 points) Your opponent is awarded points if you commit the following infractions.
(See NFHS Penalty Chart AT THIS LINK)
a) Illegal Holds – There are several holds that the referee will penalize you for without warning. (There are other holds called “potentially dangerous holds” which the referee might make you let go of but will not penalize you for).
b) Technical Violations:
Going off the mat or forcing your opponent off the mat to avoid wrestling (“fleeing the mat.”)
Grabbing clothing, the mat, or the headgear
Locked or overlapped hands: If you are down on the mat in control of your opponent, you cannot lock or overlap your hands, fingers or arms around your opponent’s body or both legs unless you have met criteria for a near pin of your opponent, or your opponent stands up and has all his/her weight on two feet, or you have lifted the opponent off the mat.
Leaving the mat during the match without the referee’s permission
Reporting to the mat not properly equipped or not ready to wrestle, or equipment that is detected as being illegal after the match has started.
c) Unnecessary roughness
d) Unsportsmanlike conduct
e) Flagrant Misconduct (ejection, the match is over)
f) Stalling (you get one warning before you are penalized and points are awarded).
g) Incorrect starting position or false start (You get two cautions before points are awarded).

The first and second time you are penalized, your opponent is awarded one point. The third time you are penalized, your opponent is awarded two points. The fourth time you are penalized, you are disqualified. (Except for illegal starting position or false start – you are cautioned twice, then one point awarded for each infraction, but you will not be disqualified. In the event of Flagrant Misconduct, you are ejected from the match on the first offense, you lose the match, and 3 team points are deducted).
These rules apply to the type of wrestling done in the United States in College, High School, Junior High, Middle School, and most youth wrestling. This type of wrestling is often referred to as “folkstyle” wrestling. The rules for “freestyle” and “greco-roman” wrestling, as is done in the olympics and internationally, are a little different.

DUAL MEET TEAM SCORING

Decision (winning the match by fewer than 8 points) – 3 team points
Major Decision (winning the match by 8 – 14 points) – 4 team points
Technical Fall (getting ahead of your opponent by 15 points ends the match) – 5 team points
Fall/Pin, Forfeit, Default, Disqualification – 6 team points

TIE-BREAKER SYSTEM FOR DUAL MEETS

In dual-meet competition, if the teams have identical scores, the following tie-breaking system shall be used to determine the winner:

a. The team whose opposing wrestlers or team has been penalized the greater number of team points for flagrant or unsportsmanlike conduct shall be declared the winner.
b. The team whose opposing wrestlers or team personnel have been penalized the greater number of team point deductions shall be declared the winner.
c. The team whose opposing wrestlers were penalized the greater number of match points for unsportsmanlike conduct during a match shall be declared the winner.
d. The team having won the greater number of matches (including forfeits) shall be declared the winner.
e. The team having accumulated the greater number of points for falls, defaults, forfeits, or disqualifications shall be declared the winner.
f. The team having the greater number of points for technical falls shall be declared the winner.
g. The team having the greater number of points for major decisions shall be declared the winner.
h. The team having the greater number (total match points) of first point(s) shall be declared the winner.
i. The team having the greater number of points for near-falls shall be declared the winner.
j. The team having the greater number of takedowns shall be declared the winner.
k. The team having the greater number of reversals shall be declared the winner.
l. The team having the greater number of escapes shall be declared the winner.
m. The team whose opponent has been penalized more often for stalling will be declared the winner.
n. The team whose opponent has been warned more often for stalling will be declared the winner.
o. The team whose opponent has the greater number of points for all other infractions (i.e. false starts)
p. If none of the above resolve the tie, a flip of a disk will determine the winner.
Upon determining the winning team by use of the tiebreaking system, a single team point shall be added to the prevailing team. The method of recording the score in breaking team ties shall be the score followed by the letter of the criterion that broke the tie.

TOURNAMENT SCORING

A. Team Advancement Points:
2 team advancement points shall be scored for each match won in the champoinship bracket, except for the final first-place match. If a wrestler receives a bye in a round where at least one match is wrestled, he shall be awarded 2 advancement points for that bye if he wins his next match after the bye.
1 team advancement point shall be scored for each match won in the consolation elimination, except for the final third and fifth place matches. A wrestler who has received a bye in a consolation round where at least one match is wrestled shall receive one advancement point for that bye if he wins his next match after the bye.
2 additonal points for each match won by default, disqualification, fall, or forfeit.
1 1/2 points for each match won by technical fall.
1 additional point for each match won by major decision.
B. Placement points:
Tournament scoring 4 places: 14-10-7-4
Tournament scoring 6 places: 16-12-9-7-5-3
Tournament scoring 8 places: 16-12-9-7-5-3-2-1
Individual placement points shall be awarded as soon as earned. Placement points already earned shall be deducted in case of forfeit (other than injury) or disqualification from the tournament.
In view of the rule requiring placement points to be added as soon as earned, placement points are added at the following junctures in a tournament scoring 6 places:
Championship quarterfinal winners: Add 3 points (has earned at least 6th place)
Championship semifinal winners: Add 9 points (has earned at least 2nd place, already received 3 points)
Championship final winners: Add 4 points
Consolation quarterfinal winners: Add 3 points (has earned at least 6th place)
Consolation semifinal winners: Add 4 points (has earned at least 4th place, already received 3 points)
Consolation final winners (for third): Add 2 points
Winner of final for 5-6: Add 2 points
National Federation Official High School Wrestling Rule Books are published by:
National Federation of State High Schools Association
P. O. Box 690
Indianapolis, Indiana 46206
Phone: (317) 922-6900
Fax: (317) 822-5700

www.nfhs.org/Wrestling NFHS Wrestling Rules Changes for 2013-2014

High School Wrestling Rules Illustrations

 

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